Figure 2: World economic history in one picture. Incomes rose sharply in many countries after 1800 but declined in others.

From the Malthusian Trap to the Industrial Revolution

Why did it take so long to get out of the Malthusian trap; and what happened that we finally succeeded? Why did it take so long until we gave up a hunter-gatherer existence in favor of an existence as agricultural settlers? And why, even after the invention of agriculture and animal husbandry, did it take more than another 10,000 years until mankind’s seemingly final escape from the Malthusian trap?